Supply Chain Management — get closer

Resume of some journals

Understanding Supply chain

Kaynack and Hartley find a direct relationship between management leadership, customer focus, management leadership, and supplier quality management. This demonstrates that leadership is essential to navigate cultural, process-oriented, and human resource practices that differ for firms all along the supply chain. Finally they found that the role of suppliers in assuring low defects levels in incoming materials not only affects quality downstream, it also affects inventory management practices as the need for safety stock to hedge against ths type of variation is obviated.

by using research, structural modeling, Yeung found that SSM is significantly related to quality management implementation but not to ISO 9000.  He also found that implementing QM might facilitate SSM. As a result he showed that QM is a foundation of SSM and a key requirement for continuous improvement extending to the supply chain. It is interesting that he found that ISO 9000 will not initiate SSM efforts SSM is primarily related to timely operations such as cycle time reduction and on-time delivery.

ISO 9000:2000 is important in SCM as it provides a mechanism for a supplier to document its quality system. Also supplier registration is often required by customers. Sroufe and Curkovic found that the reasons of non adoption of ISO 9000:2000 included uncertainty of benefits, risk of bureaucray, costs, and loss of face associated with failing to achieve registration. The four reasons in favor of adopting ISO 9000:2000 included customers, documentation, cost/benefits, and management involvement.

There are some case studied that they done, and the results show that companies that see registration as a game to keep business will not obtain the full benefitd of registration. Prospectors have the greatest opportunity for a competitive advantage from registration. Plants with lower levels of integration will often be reactors who buyers should avoid. Similarly buyers wanting to increase either ISO standards integration or quality assurance should seek out defenders and analyzers.

another research is by understanding of linkages between safety and quality performance. by sent surveys to companies in five SIC codes, Das, Padell, Behm and Veltri‘s analysis shows that saftey disconnect is related to operational performance in a negative linear manner. As disconnect increase and the safety environment deterioates, product quality also appear to suffer. It appears that an organizational system that permits poor safety performance also will lead to poor quality performance. Quality is affected  regardless of skill level.

Schroeder developed a definition of six sigma, “six sigma is an organized, parallel-meso structure to reduce variation in organizational processes by using improvement specialists, a structured method and performance metrics with the aim of achieving strategic objectives”.

more issues on SCM :

  1. Supply chain management models
  2. Supply chain constructs
  3. Supply chain frameworks
  4. Supply chain quality strategy
  5. Supply chain quality assurance
  6. Supply chain quality control
  7. Supply chain quality management
  8. Supply chain service

Supply chain risk management

Small and medium enterprises (also SMEs, small and medium businesses, SMBs, and variations thereof) are companies whose headcount or turnover falls below certain limits.

The impact upon business can be reduced if potential risks are proactively managed, and there is a well-conceived and constructed business continuity plan in place.

The accidents which are usually happened as a risks are:

Human error

two examples of human error cases are:NASA at 1999 and NCC(1996), and also there are some risk in IT aspect on the company, for instance, anti virus, firewall, back up, etc. and also there are some aspect which are responsible and could be pushed to mitigate the risks.

The review found that large companies exposure to risk appeared to be increased by inter-organizational networking. Having SMEs as partners in the supply chain further increased the risk exposure. SMEs increased their own exposure to risk by becoming partners in a supply chain and few had made an assessment and considering the need for business continuity planning when a company  is wxposed to inter-organizational networking.

Source: Thomas Foster, S. towards an understanding of supply chain quality management.2007.United States

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